Organ transplantation or simply transplantation refers to a medical procedure in which the dysfunctional body organ or tissues or cells such as kidney, liver etc. are transferred from the body of the donor (the one who is giving the specimen) to the recipient (the one who is accepting the specimen). In cases where the transplantation is carried out by using different species, for instance, animals and humans then the process is known as Xeno-transplantation.
Types Of Transplantation
There could be different types of transplantation procedures which are mentioned below:
- Autogenic draft in which tissue is transferred from one location to the location in the body of the same individual.
- Syngenetic graft in which a graft is transferred from one individual to another within same species.
- The Allogeneic graft is the one in which the transfer of graft takes place from one organism to another who belong to different genetic people but within the same species.
- Xenogeneic graft refers to the one in which different species are involved in transplanting any graft.
Rejections In Transplantation
There could be rejections in this procedure due to the fact that the receiver’s immune system could not identify the organ of the donor and attacks the same. There are majorly three types of rejection that can occur while transplantation which is listed below:
- Hyperacute rejection
- Acute rejection
- Chronic rejection
Hence you may see that the transplantation procedure has been proven to be very effective and helpful in treating various disorders especially in the case of organ failure.